Nefertiti (1370-1330 BC) was the queen of Egyptian pharaoh Akhenaten. Nefertiti is one of the most important queens in the history of Egypt. Legend has it that she not only has stunning beauty, but also the most powerful and powerful woman in the history of ancient Egypt. In 1912, an archaeologist discovered the colorful bust of Nefertiti, and she immediately became the first cover girl in history and was hailed as "the most beautiful woman in the world."
The ancient Egyptian word "Nefertiti" means the oncoming beauty. (Or translated: Beauty has come) and it is also the reputation of the Egyptian people after ancient magic.
Among the many important queens of Egypt, Nefertiti excels. It is said that Egypt has never had such a beautiful woman ("Egypt never produced such a beauty"). However, the reason why this woman became the most important queen in the history of ancient Egypt is more than just beauty. Her figure appears in many temples and murals, which is enough to explain her importance, but she seems to have disappeared in the historical records of ancient Egypt, which is indeed incredible.
The background of this beautiful queen is equally suspicious. There is a school of thought that she may be Princess Tadukhepa of Mitanni, who was originally betrothed to Amenophis III, but later married his son. Another school of theory believes that Nefertiti was born of the union of Amonofius III and a favorite concubine. In this way, Akhenaten and Nefertiti became half-brothers. But this theory is impossible to believe, otherwise, Nefertiti will enjoy the title of "Pharaoh's Daughter", but it is not the case.
There is also a theory that Nefertiti is Ti (Ti, also spelled Tiy) and Daughter of Ai (Ay, also spelled Aya). According to this theory, her father would be an important official in the court of Amenofis III, and later became Akhenaten's confidant.
According to this theory, which is spreading widely in Egyptology, Nefertiti was born from the highest level of Egyptian society. However, Tie may not be the biological mother of the beautiful queen, and evidence suggests that Tie is likely to be her nanny.
The textual research of Tiyi should be his stepmother, whose biological mother died very early.
It is said that her power is supreme. She grew up in the harem, married to the pharaoh, and once assisted her husband in launching unprecedented reforms. When the power of the priests increased and threatened the emperor’s power, they created the Sun Religion, respected the sun god Aton, and claimed to be men and women high priests, determined to weaken the rights of the high priests, in order to accumulate the power of the revolution, they claimed to worship the sun god The ancient capital of Thebes was abandoned by the gods, and the capital was moved to Amana, which attracted the people to follow. The dazzling and prosperous capital they built in the center of the barren desert is actually Nefertiti, with cliffs on three sides and facing the Nile. The base of revolution! In the new capital of Amana, she and her husband are equal, not only as his queen but also as a ruler equal to him, co-regent.
The ancient murals show that she and her husband are driving a chariot separately and are driving side by side. There are also scenes of her and her husband driving a chariot in a race. This is a unique phenomenon before Nefertiti. It is also after her that Egyptian women have more freedom and rights. They are valued just like men, they can receive a good education, have property inheritance rights, and can file lawsuits for unfair things. They have their own ideas. And mind, stick to your own ideas. These rights were not owned by women until the 20th century.
Some people think she is even better than her husband Akhenaten, because she has the right to execute the enemy, and this punishment has been the right of the pharaoh since ancient times. After the death of the king's husband, Nefertiti took over as the throne. Because they had made too many enemies and suffered the final price alone, the country was on the verge of collapse. She stepped forward and took all emergency measures, at the expense of everything to save the defeat.
After Akhenaten, will Nefertiti succeed to the throne?
Although Akhenaten and his concubine Chia have a son-that is, Tutankhamen-but his appointed successor is Smonk Kala. The true identity of the regent is still unknown. In Egyptology, some scholars believe that he is another heir born to Akhenaten and Qiya. Some people think that Smenkhakala is Akhenaten's half-brother or other royal family members.
Both Smonk Kala and Nefertiti have the same name (Nefer Nefertiti), leading some scholars to believe that Nefertiti took power after the collapse of Akhenaten in 1336 BC. However, on the one hand, there is also evidence that Nefertiti passed away in the 14th year of his husband's reign when Egypt was suffering from the plague.
Some people think she is a religious fanatic, a conspirator, and a traitor. Others think she is a heroine who has made great sacrifices to save the country from defeat. In nearly 10 years, Nefertiti is the most influential woman in Egypt. She was revered as a goddess by the people and ruled Egypt with Amonofes IV of the 18th Dynasty in the New Kingdom, who changed her name to Ah after he succeeded to the throne around 1353 BC. Kennerton. However, we know almost nothing about the life of the queen of the country. Around 1336 BC, she suddenly disappeared from history-she was about 30 years old at the time.
What are Nefertiti's whereabouts? For a long time, researchers believed that Nefertiti was expelled from the royal family by Akhenaten because of his fall from grace. Perhaps this is because she is unable to bear male heirs. There is also a theory that the Pharaohs and his wife were repelled by the people and were overthrown because the people regarded the belief in Aton as heresy. Indeed, after Tutankhamen succeeded to the throne in 1333, anything that evokes the memory of Akhenaten and Nefertiti was systematically obliterated. To this day, only funeral items related to Akhenaten have been found in the tomb of Actaton, which shows that Nefertiti has never been buried there. The Queen’s official death record is also untestable.
Her life experience is a legend. She has experienced almost all the prosperity and pain in her life. She was once a doll bride. She was selected as the Egyptian harem at the age of 12. She used to be married to Akhenaten, sharing love and supreme glory together. She was once a reformer, a magical priest, and a cruel messenger. A conspirator and careerist, she is a jealous queen. At the same time, she is also a practical and far-sighted ruler. She saw the crisis hidden behind the glory. When the country was facing disintegration, she did not hesitate to give up herself. His dreams are even life, to save a dynasty that will collapse. Historical records record that she died of an inexplicable disease, but scholars thousands of years later speculated that she was murdered by an old enemy based on scientific tests. What's more, after her death, her mummy has not been found yet. [A severely damaged mummy believed to be Nefertiti, the mummy found in Tomb No. 35 in the Valley of the Kings. The face was severely damaged, which was interpreted as an extremely vicious curse in the "Book of Death" in ancient Egypt. The mummy's ears had double pierced ears, which obviously pointed towards Nefertiti. The crooked right hand that was found near the mummy, symbolizing power, was broken (the queen was buried with the left hand bent, and the Pharaoh’s right hand holding the scepter could be placed on her chest), her face was damaged, so that she could not speak to God Her name enters the afterlife; her wrapper is also torn, and the name of the deceased is written on the wrapper to allow the undead to recognize their body. In this way, the soul cannot return, and the deceased will be between life and death. , Tortured. Her name and many stories have disappeared inexplicably from the historical records. The temple wall carvings of Thebes have been chipped away wherever her face appears. Only the ruins of the ancient temples and palaces remain about her. clue. These were all revealed after 13 years by a female scientist specializing in ancient Egyptian hairstyles, inspired by Nefertiti's wig. But this female mummy has now been confirmed to be Tutankhamen's mother, not Nefertiti.
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